According to Haematogica up to 50% of adults with Celiac Disease have Iron Deficiency Anemia. Often they may present without any of the common gastrointestinal symptoms, usually associated with Celiac Disease, like diahorrea and malabsorption. They most common symptom is fatigue and then a diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia. The other common feature is the refractoriness to oral iron treatment, which means that despite taking iron tablets, their serum iron levels never improve. This is caused by the atrophy of the villi in the small intestine which prevents the absorption of vital minerals such as Folate, Iron and Vitamin B12.
Iron is the key component in haemoglobin, the protein that carries oxygen in the body. The body needs to get iron from our diet and if there is not enough iron, haemoglobin cannot carry enough oxygen around the body and to our cells. Oxygen is needed by every cell in our bodies to sustain life.
What Are The Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Fatigue. The most common symptom, due to not enough oxygen in the cells.
Shortness of breath
Pale skin colour
Unusual Food Cravings (Pica)
Low Immune Function
Rapid Heart Rate
There are many reasons for iron deficiency including
Blood loss. This may be caused by heavy menstrual bleeding, or bleeding fibroids, or there may be internal bleeding such as a bleeding ulcer, polyps, haemorrhoids or colon cancer.